The title firstly chosen for this post was: What areas does ISO 27001 and 27002 cover? corresponding to question 100 of our 300 infosec interview questions. But while working on this subject , I realized that I could talk more with ISO 27000 series with more details for 27001 and 27002 .
Also Known as ISMS Family of Standards or ISO 27K for short, it is published jointly by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) ; hence the jointed name ISO/IEC 27000 Series. ISO 27000 series of standards have been specifically reserved by ISO for informations security matters.
The Series provide best practices recommendations on informations security management, risks and controls within the context of an overall Informations Security Management Systems -ISMS , similar in design to to management systems for quality assurance (ISO 9000 Series) and environmental protection ( ISO 14000 Series).
The series is populated by a range of individuals standards and documents . A number of theses have been published for others and others are scheduled for publication .
The following standards already published reflects the current known position for the major operational standards in the series.
- ISO 27001 : This is the specification for an information security management system-ISMS, which replaced the old BS7799-2 standard.The objective of the standard itself is to “provide requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining and continuously improving an Information Security Management System (ISMS)”. Regarding its adoption, this should be a strategic decision. Further, “The design and implementation of an organization’s information security management system is influenced by the organization’s needs and objectives, security requirements, the organizational processes used and the size and structure of the organization”.
The 2005 version of the standard heavily employed the PDCA, Plan-Do-Check-Act model to structure the processes, and reflect the principles set out in the OECG guidelines (see oecd.org). However, the latest, 2013 version, places more emphasis on measuring and evaluating how well an organisation’s ISMS is performing. A section on outsourcing was also added with this release, and additional attention was paid to the organisational context of information security.
The content sections of the standard are:
- Context Of The Organization
- Information Security Leadership
- Planning An ISMS
- Performance Evaluation
- Annex A – List of controls and their objectives
- ISO 27002 : This is the 2700 series standard number of what was originally ISO 17799 standard , itself was formerly known as BS7799-1.The standard “established guidelines and general principles for initiating, implementing, maintaining, and improving information security management within an organization”. The actual controls listed in the standard are intended to address the specific requirements identified via a formal risk assessment. The standard is also intended to provide a guide for the development of “organizational security standards and effective security management practices and to help build confidence in inter-organizational activities”.
The basis of the standard was originally a document published by the UK government, which became a standard ‘proper’ in 1995, when it was re-published by BSI as BS7799. In 2000 it was again re-published, this time by ISO ,as ISO 17799. A new version of this appeared in 2005, along with a new publication, ISO 27001. These two documents are intended to be used together, with one complimenting the other.
In 2013 the current version was published. ISO 27002:2013 contains 114 controls, as opposed to the 133 documented within the 2005 version. However for additional granularity, these are presented in fourteen sections, rather than the original eleven.
Finally, it should be noted that over the years a number of industry specific versions of ISO 27002 have been developed, or are under development, (for example: health sector, manufacturing, and so on).
The content sections are:
- Security Policy
- Organization of Information Security
- Human Resources Security
- Asset Management
- Access Control
- Physical And Environmental Security
- Operations security
- Communications Security
- Information Systems Acquisition, Development, Maintenance
- Supplier Relationships
- Information Security Incident management
- Information Security Aspects of Business Continuity
- ISO 27003 : This will be the official number of a new standard intended to ffer guidance for the implementation of an ISMS – IS Management System
- ISO 27004 : This standard covers information security system management measurement and metrics , including suggested ISO27002 aligned controls.
- ISO 27005 : This is the methodology independent ISO standard for information security risk management.
- ISO 27006: This standard provides guidelines for the accreditation of organizations offering ISMS certification.
- ISO/IEC 27007 — Guidelines for information security management systems auditing (focused on the management system)
- ISO/IEC TR 27008 — Guidance for auditors on ISMS controls (focused on the information security controls)
- ISO/IEC 27010 — Information security management for inter-sector and inter-organizational communications
- ISO/IEC 27011 — Information security management guidelines for telecommunications organizations based on ISO/IEC 27002
- ISO/IEC 27013 — Guideline on the integrated implementation of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 20000-1
- ISO/IEC 27014 — Information security governance. Mahncke assessed this standard in the context of Australian e-health.
- ISO/IEC TR 27015 — Information security management guidelines for financial services
- ISO/IEC 27018 — Code of practice for protection of personally identifiable information (PII) in public clouds acting as PII processors
- ISO/IEC 27031 — Guidelines for information and communication technology readiness for business continuity
- ISO/IEC 27032 — Guideline for cybersecurity
- ISO/IEC 27033-1 — Network security – Part 1: Overview and concepts
- ISO/IEC 27033-2 — Network security – Part 2: Guidelines for the design and implementation of network security
- ISO/IEC 27033-3 — Network security – Part 3: Reference networking scenarios – Threats, design techniques and control issues
- ISO/IEC 27033-5 — Network security – Part 5: Securing communications across networks using Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)
- ISO/IEC 27034-1 — Application security – Part 1: Guideline for application security
- ISO/IEC 27035 — Information security incident management
- ISO/IEC 27036-3 — Information security for supplier relationships – Part 3: Guidelines for information and communication technology supply chain security
- ISO/IEC 27037 — Guidelines for identification, collection, acquisition and preservation of digital evidence
- ISO 27799 — Information security management in health using ISO/IEC 27002. The purpose of ISO 27799 is to provide guidance to health organizations and other holders of personal health information on how to protect such information via implementation of ISO/IEC 27002.
Scheduled for publication:
- ISO/IEC 27017 — Information security management for cloud systems
- ISO/IEC 27019 — Information security management guidelines based on ISO/IEC 27002 for process control systems specific to the energy utility industry
- ISO/IEC 27033 — IT network security, a multi-part standard based on ISO/IEC 18028:2006 (parts 1-3 are published already)
- ISO/IEC 27036 — Guidelines for security in supplier relationships
- ISO/IEC 27038 — Specification for redaction of digital documents
- ISO/IEC 27039 — Intrusion detection and protection systems
- ISO/IEC 27040 — Guideline on storage security
- ISO/IEC 27041 — Assurance for digital evidence investigation methods
- ISO/IEC 27042 — Analysis and interpretation of digital evidence
- ISO/IEC 27043 — Digital evidence investigation principles and processes